CircuitBreaker- max connection in connectionPool limit servicelevel or podlevel


i have istio service mesh with envoy running as sidecar, a destination service with below configuration in destination rule is deployed.
mainly i was trying to check ciruitbreaker beaviour of envoy/istio.

       http1MaxPendingRequests: 1
       maxConnections: 5

my client is sending request to this i see a same connection limit getting applied to client side also. if a scale destination replicas to 4, would be my destination service work with total 20 connections (5 connections each pod ) ? or 5 strict connections would be shared between all 4 pods ? And how client side connection would be affected based on that ?

context:- i see after increasing the destination replicas i get less 503 with reponse flag UO.

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This blog might help you: Demystifying Istio Circuit Breaking | by Vikas Kumar | OLX Group Engineering